Test Case xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_2.4_l2_sc3_003: Non-descriptive title for web page: empty title element

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleNon-descriptive title for web page: empty title element
DescriptionA document with an excerpt of Shakespeare's play Henry V with the corresponding part of Schlegel's translation of the play. The title element is not descriptive because it is empty, and there is no h1 element.
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2004-2007

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: title (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: The title element .

Test Data


This test case is intended to fail because the document does not have a descriptive title (title element does not contain any text). Only the title is tested here, not the content of the page.

Test Modes

Accessibility expert.

Test Files

Test file.


xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_2.4_l2_sc3_003 (XML).


“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 6, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#navigation-mechanisms-title.

Functional Outcome

The title of the web page is missing, so it does not help people understand what is in the content.