Test Case xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_3.1_l3_sc3_012: Abbreviation with missing expansion (German)

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleAbbreviation with missing expansion (German)
DescriptionA short German text with an abbreviation; the abbreviation is marked up with the abbr element, but the expansion is not provided (there is title attribute); the abbreviation is very well known to people who know German.
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2004-2007

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: abbr (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Phrase elements: EM, STRONG, DFN, CODE, SAMP, KBD, VAR, CITE, ABBR, and ACRONYM .

Test Data


This test case is intended to fail because the expansion of the abbreviation is not provided. This does not necessarily cause problems for speakers of German, because the abbreviation is very well known.

Test Modes

End user.

Test Files

Test file.


xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_3.1_l3_sc3_012 (XML).


“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case needs review before it can be established if it passes or fails the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-located. The code that causes doubt can be found at line 9, column 37.

Functional Outcome

The user cannot find the expanded forms of abbreviations and/or acronyms.

Technical Comment

The meaning of the abbreviation PKW is very well known, so it is debatable if including the expanded form is necessary.