Test Case xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_3.1_l1_sc1_011: Correct language codes and contradictory (and incorrect) subcodes for content in British English

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleCorrect language codes and contradictory (and incorrect) subcodes for content in British English
DescriptionA page with content in British English. The xml:lang attribute on the html element contains contains the language and subcode for American English ("en-US"); the lang attribute the value ("en-UK"), which is not correct for British English ("en-GB").
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2004-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-09-02
Statusdraft

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: lang (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Specifying the language of content: the lang attribute .

Test Data

Purpose

This test case is intended to fail because the primary natural language is correctly defined but the language version information is contradictory and one of the language subcodes does not exist. Subcodes to identify versions of languages are not required but should be correct when they are used. However, tests may show that contradictory and even incorrect information on language versions is not confusing.

Test Modes

Automatic evaluation.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_3.1_l1_sc1_011 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 44: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 61: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser cannot find the primary language of the document.

Technical Comment

The lang and xml:lang attributes in the html element contradict each other, and lang="en-UK" does not contain a valid language code.

(In Mozilla 1.7.3, the lang attribute takes precedence over the xml:lang attribute, so the language is incorrectly identifed as American English.)