Test Case xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_3.1_l1_sc1_002: Correct xml:lang and incorrect lang attribute for primary language of content in German

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleCorrect xml:lang and incorrect lang attribute for primary language of content in German
DescriptionA page with the first few sentences of Theodor Fontane's novel "Effi Briest", in German. The html element has a lang with the value "en" (English) and an xml:lang attribute with the value "de" (German).
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2004-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-09-01
Statusdraft

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: lang (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Specifying the language of content: the lang attribute .

Test Data

Purpose

This test case is intended to fail because for the primary natural language of the content is not correctly defined: the language information is contradictory. However, tests could show that some user agents ignore one of the language indications in favour of the other, and end up with the correct value. Only the primary language is tested, not language changes inside the content.

Test Modes

End user.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_3.1_l1_sc1_002 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 44: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 58: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser may not be able to find the primary language of the document.

Technical Comment

The html element has lang and xml:lang attributes with contradictory values. Only the primary language is tested here, not language changes inside the content.