Test Case xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_3.1_l3_sc3_008: Abbreviation with expansion in title attribute

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleAbbreviation with expansion in title attribute
DescriptionA short text with an abbreviation; the expansion of the abbreviation is provided in the title attribute of the abbr element. Internet Explorer (version 6.0 or earlier) does not support the abbr element, so users of this browsers can have trouble finding the meaning of the abbreviation.
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2004-2007

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: abbr (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Phrase elements: EM, STRONG, DFN, CODE, SAMP, KBD, VAR, CITE, ABBR, and ACRONYM .

Test Data


This test case is intended to pass because the correct expansion of the abbrevation is provided.

Test Modes

Automatic evaluation.

Test Files

Test file.


xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_3.1_l3_sc3_008 (XML).


“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case passes (line 9, column 10) the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-located.

Functional Outcome

The user can find the expanded forms of abbreviatons and/or acronyms.

Technical Comment

Up to version 6, Microsoft Internet Explorer does not support the abbr element: it is ignored by the browser's Document Object Model (DOM). This means that screen readers can only acces the element's title attribute by inspecting the raw markup. (See http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/w3c-wai-ig/2005OctDec/0178.html).