Test Case xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_3.1_l3_sc3_009: Abbreviation with missing expansion

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleAbbreviation with missing expansion
DescriptionA short text with an abbreviation; the abbreviation is marked up with the abbr element, but the expansion is not provided (there is title attribute).
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2004-2007

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: abbr (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Phrase elements: EM, STRONG, DFN, CODE, SAMP, KBD, VAR, CITE, ABBR, and ACRONYM .

Test Data


This test case is intended to fail because the expansion of the abbreviation is not provided.

Test Modes

End user.

Test Files

Test file.


xhtml1_wcag2_20050630_3.1_l3_sc3_009 (XML).


“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 9, column 4: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-located.

Functional Outcome

The user cannot find the expanded forms of abbreviatons and/or acronyms.