Test Case sc1.3.1_l1_140: Presentational elements in order to convey information and/or relationships.

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
Title Presentational elements in order to convey information and/or relationships.
Description CSS used to create a presentation that conveys information (without appropriate semantic markup)
CreatorBenToWeb (evlach@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2005-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-08-28
Statusaccepted QA

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML ™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML ™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: span (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Grouping elements: the DIV and SPAN elements .

CSS 2.0 Specification

CSS 2.0 Specification

Test Data

Purpose

The test case is intended to fail as CSS conveys information (without appropriate semantic markup).

Expert Guidance

Check whether CSS has been used to convey information and/or relationship.

Test Modes

Three or more accessibility experts.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

sc1.3.1_l1_140 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 11, column 12: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#content-structure-separation-programmatic.

Functional Outcome

CSS has been used in order to convey information.

Technical Comment

Use a semantic tag like strong .