Test Case sc1.4.1_l2_019: Enough contrast for foreground text and background colour

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleEnough contrast for foreground text and background colour
DescriptionDocument containing text on a background colour.
CreatorBenToWeb (johannes.koch@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2005-2007
Statusaccepted QA

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: body (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-html401-19991224/present/graphics.html#adef-bgcolor.

Test Data


The test is intended to fail because the luminosity contrast ratio is lower than 5.

Expert Guidance

The formula to be used for calculating the luminosity contrast ratio can be found at http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/appendixA.html#luminosity-contrastdef.

Test Modes

Accessibility expert.

Test Files

Test file.


sc1.4.1_l2_019 (XML).


“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 6, column 18: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#visual-audio-contrast-contrast.

Functional Outcome

The foreground and background colours don't have enough contrast.

Technical Comment

The luminosity contrast ratio is 4.35.

Secondary Rules

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - June 2005 Working Draft)

The test case needs review before it can be established if it passes or fails the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#visual-audio-contrast-contrast.

Functional Outcome

The WCAG WG hasn't provided threshold values for colour contrast yet.