Test Case sc3.1.1_l1_005: Correct lang attribute on body for primary language of content in German

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleCorrect lang attribute on body for primary language of content in German
DescriptionA page with the first few sentences of Theodor Fontane's novel "Effi Briest", in German. The html element has no lang and xml:lang attributes, but the body element has a lang attribute with the value for German ("de").
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2005-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-09-01
Statusaccepted for end user evaluation

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: lang (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Specifying the language of content: the lang attribute .

Test Data

Purpose

This test case is intended to pass because the primary natural language of the content is correctly defined. Tests should show that defining the primary natural language on the body element instead of the html element does not cause problems. It is not strictly required that the language code should be defined on the html element, although that is what would be expected. Only the primary language is tested here, not language changes inside the content.

Expert Guidance

This test case can be evaluated automatically when using a test tool with reliable automatic language recognition for German and support for lang and xml:lang attributes and language tags. For a list of language identification tools, see http://odur.let.rug.nl/~vannoord/TextCat/competitors.html.

Test Modes

Automatic evaluation.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

sc3.1.1_l1_005 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case needs review before it can be established if it passes or fails the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id. The code that causes doubt can be found at line 3, column 1.

The test case needs review before it can be established if it passes or fails the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id. The code that causes doubt can be found at line 8, column 7.

The test case needs review before it can be established if it passes or fails the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id. The code that causes doubt can be found at line 8, column 16.

Functional Outcome

The browser cannot find the primary language of the document but it may be able to find the primary language of the content.

Technical Comment

The html element has no lang or xml:lang attributes but the body has appropriate lang and xml:lang attributes.

IBM Home Page Reader 3.0 German version, set to "automatic language recognition", and JAWS 7.1, German version, reads the test file in German. [@@double check for HPR] JAWS 8.0 on Windows 2000 reads the text file in German, both with Internet Explorer 6.0 and with Firefox 2.

This test case maps to technique H57: Using the lang attribute of the html element (http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-TECHS-20060427/Overview.html#H57).

Secondary Rules

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - June 2005 Working Draft)

The test case needs review before it can be established if it passes or fails the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id. The code that causes doubt can be found at line 3, column 1.

The test case needs review before it can be established if it passes or fails the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id. The code that causes doubt can be found at line 8, column 7.

The test case needs review before it can be established if it passes or fails the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id. The code that causes doubt can be found at line 8, column 16.

Functional Outcome

The browser cannot find the primary language of the document but it may be able to find the primary language of the content.

Technical Comment

The html element has no lang or xml:lang attributes but the body has appropriate lang and xml:lang attributes.