Test Case sc3.1.1_l1_054: Correct lang and xml:lang attributes and text direction for content in Arabic

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleCorrect lang and xml:lang attributes and text direction for content in Arabic
DescriptionA page with an excerpt from an Arabic translation of the GNU Free Documentation License ((http://www.isocsyria.org/gfdl.html). The html element has lang and xml:lang attributes with the value "ar", the language code for Arabic and a dir attribute with the value "rtl" for right-to-left text.
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2005-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-09-01
Statusaccepted QA

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: lang (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Specifying the language of content: the lang attribute .

Feature: dir (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Specifying the direction of text and tables: the dir attribute .

Test Data

Purpose

This test case is intended to pass because primary language is correctly identified as Arabic and the text direction as right-to-left.

Expert Guidance

This test case can be evaluated automatically when using a test tool with reliable automatic language recognition for Arabic, support for lang and xml:lang attributes, language tags, the dir attribute and text direction codes.

Test Modes

Automatic evaluation.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

sc3.1.1_l1_054 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case passes (line 3, column 68) the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case passes (line 3, column 44) the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case passes (line 3, column 58) the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser can find the primary language and text direction of the document.

Technical Comment

In HTML, the default text-direction is left to right, so only a right-to-left text direction needs to be identified (unless there are nested sections with different text directions).

This test case maps to technique H57: Using the lang attribute of the html element ((http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-TECHS-20060427/Overview.html#H57) and to technique H55: Using the dir attribute of the html element (http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-TECHS-20060427/Overview.html#H55).

Secondary Rules

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - June 2005 Working Draft)

The test case passes (line 3, column 68) the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case passes (line 3, column 44) the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case passes (line 3, column 58) the following success criterion: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser can find the primary language and text direction of the document.

Technical Comment

In HTML, the default text-direction is left to right, so only a right-to-left text direction needs to be identified (unless there are nested sections with different text directions).