Test Case sc3.1.1_l1_056: Correct lang and xml:lang attributes and missing text direction for content in Arabic

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleCorrect lang and xml:lang attributes and missing text direction for content in Arabic
DescriptionA page with an excerpt from an Arabic translation of the GNU Free Documentation License (http://www.isocsyria.org/gfdl.html). The html element has lang and xml:lang attributes with the value "ar", the language code for Arabic. However, there is no dir attribute on the html or the body element to specify right-to-left text direction. This means that user agents will assume the default text direction: left to right.
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2005-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-09-01
Statusaccepted QA

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: lang (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Specifying the language of content: the lang attribute .

Feature: dir (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Specifying the direction of text and tables: the dir attribute .

Test Data

Purpose

This test case is intended to fail because primary language is correctly identified as Arabic but the text direction (right to left) is not specified.

Expert Guidance

This test case can be evaluated automatically when using a test tool with reliable automatic language recognition for Arabic, support for lang and xml:lang attributes, language tags, the dir attribute and text direction codes.

Test Modes

Automatic evaluation.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

sc3.1.1_l1_056 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 11, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 44: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 58: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser can find the primary language but not the text direction of the document.

Technical Comment

The text direction on the html and body elements is missing, so it is assumed to be the default value: left to right.

This test case maps to technique H57: Using the lang attribute of the html element (http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-TECHS-20060427/Overview.html#H57).

Secondary Rules

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - June 2005 Working Draft)

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 11, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 44: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 58: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser can find the primary language but not the text direction of the document.

Technical Comment

The text direction on the html and body elements is missing, so it is assumed to be the default value: left to right.