Test Case sc1.3.1_l1_036: input field and label associated by physical position

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
Titleinput field and label associated by physical position
DescriptionDocument containing a form with one input field (with type="text") and one label. The label is positioned next to the input field but is not explicitly associated with it.
CreatorBenToWeb (evlach@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2004-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-08-29
Statusaccepted QA

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: input (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: The INPUT element .

Feature: label (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: The LABEL element .

Test Data

Purpose

The test case is intended to fail because the label is not explicitly associated with the input field.

Test Modes

Automatic evaluation.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

sc1.3.1_l1_036 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 11, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2007/WD-WCAG20-20070517/Overview.html#content-structure-separation-programmatic.

Functional Outcome

The input element associated with the label only through positioning.

Technical Comment

The input element should have an explicit associated label.

The test case maps to failure F68: Failure of SC 1.3.1 and 4.1.2 due to the association of label and user interface controls not being programmatically determinable.

Secondary Rules

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - April 2006 Working Draft (Last Call))

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 13, column 38: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#content-structure-separation-programmatic.

Functional Outcome

The input element associated with the label only through positioning.

Technical Comment

The input element should have an explicit associated label.

This test case maps to technique H44: Using label elements to associate text labels with form controls (http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-TECHS-20060427/Overview.html#H44) but fails the test.

Online version: sc1.3.1_l1_036.

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - June 2005 Working Draft)

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 13, column 38: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#content-structure-separation-programmatic.

Functional Outcome

Input element should have an explicit associated label.

Technical Comment

The input element should have an explicit associated label.