Test Case sc1.3.1_l1_116: Presentational elements in order to convey information and/or relationships.

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitlePresentational elements in order to convey information and/or relationships.
Description Document containing a text group using span element and CSS styling used to create a presentation that expresses emphasis without appropriate semantic markup.
CreatorBenToWeb (evlach@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2004-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-08-28
Statusaccepted QA

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML ™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML ™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: span (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Grouping elements: the DIV and SPAN elements .

Test Data

Purpose

The test case is intended to fail as CSS is used to create a presentation that conveys information (without appropriate semantic markup).

Expert Guidance

Check whether CSS has been used in order to convey information.

Test Modes

Three or more accessibility experts.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

sc1.3.1_l1_116 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 8, column 27: http://www.w3.org/TR/2007/WD-WCAG20-20070517/Overview.html#content-structure-separation-programmatic.

Functional Outcome

CSS has been used in order to convey information.

Technical Comment

Use semantic markup.

The test case maps to failure F2: Failure of SC 1.3.1 due to using CSS to create variations in presentation of text that conveys information without also using the appropriate markup or text

Secondary Rules

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - April 2006 Working Draft (Last Call))

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 8, column 27: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#content-structure-separation-programmatic.

Functional Outcome

CSS has been used in order to convey information.

Technical Comment

Use semantic markup.

Online version: sc1.3.1_l1_116.