Test Case sc3.1.1_l1_002: Correct xml:lang and incorrect lang attribute for primary language of content in German

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleCorrect xml:lang and incorrect lang attribute for primary language of content in German
DescriptionA page with the first few sentences of Theodor Fontane's novel "Effi Briest", in German. The html element has a lang with the value "en" (English) and an xml:lang attribute with the value "de" (German).
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2004-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-09-01
Statusvalidated

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: lang (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Specifying the language of content: the lang attribute .

Test Data

Purpose

This test case is intended to fail because the default human language of the content is not correctly identified: the language information is contradictory. Only the default human language is tested, not language changes inside the content.

Expert Guidance

This test case can be evaluated automatically when using a test tool with reliable automatic language recognition for both German and English, support for lang and xml:lang attributes and language tags.

Test Modes

Automatic evaluation.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

sc3.1.1_l1_002 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 44: http://www.w3.org/TR/2007/WD-WCAG20-20070517/Overview.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 58: http://www.w3.org/TR/2007/WD-WCAG20-20070517/Overview.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser may not be able to find the default human language of the document.

Technical Comment

This test case maps to technique H57: Using language attributes on the html element

Note that when both lang and xml:lang are specified, the value of xml:lang takes precedence: see "The lang and xml:lang Attributes" in the XHTML specification (http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/#C_7).

IBM Home Page Reader 3.0 German version, set to "automatic language recognition", and JAWS 7.1, German version, tried to read the test file in English.

@@todo create additional test case with lang="de" on body element?? or check whether this already exists.

Secondary Rules

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - April 2006 Working Draft (Last Call))

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 44: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 58: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser may not be able to find the primary language of the document.

Technical Comment

This test case maps to technique H57: Using the lang attribute of the html element (http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-TECHS-20060427/Overview.html#H57).

Note that when both lang and xml:lang are specified, the value of xml:lang takes precedence: see "The lang and xml:lang Attributes" in the XHTML specification (http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/#C_7).

IBM Home Page Reader 3.0 German version, set to "automatic language recognition", and JAWS 7.1, German version, tried to read the test file in English.

@@ removed lang="de" from body element; @@todo create additional test case with lang="de" on body element?? or check whether this already exists.

Online version: sc3.1.1_l1_002.

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - June 2005 Working Draft)

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 44: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 58: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser may not be able to find the primary language of the document.

Technical Comment

The html element has lang and xml:lang attributes with contradictory values. Only the primary language is tested here, not language changes inside the content.