Test Case sc3.1.1_l1_004: Missing identification of primary language for content in German

Formal Metadata

Formal Metadata
TitleMissing identification of primary language for content in German
DescriptionA page with the first few sentences of Theodor Fontane's novel "Effi Briest", in German. The html element has does not have lang or xml:lang attributes; the body does not have a lang attribute, either.
CreatorBenToWeb (Christophe.Strobbe@…)
RightsCopyright BenToWeb 2004-2007
LanguageEnglish
Date2005-09-01
Statusvalidated

Technologies and Features

Technologies are markup languages or data formats. If the technology is a markup language, “features” refers to elements and attributes.

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

XHTML™ 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)

Feature: lang (namespace: http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml) .

Technical specification: Specifying the language of content: the lang attribute .

Test Data

Purpose

This test case is intended to fail because there is no information about the default human language of the content. Only the default human language is tested here, not language changes inside the content.

Expert Guidance

This test case can be evaluated automatically when using a test tool with reliable automatic language recognition for German, support for lang and xml:lang attributes and language tags. For a list of language identification tools, see http://odur.let.rug.nl/~vannoord/TextCat/competitors.html.

Test Modes

Automatic evaluation.

Test Files

Test file.

TCDL Data

sc3.1.1_l1_004 (XML).

Rules

“Rules” refer to success criteria in WCAG 2.0, checkpoints in WCAG 1.0 and similar requirements.

Primary Rules

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2007/WD-WCAG20-20070517/Overview.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 8, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2007/WD-WCAG20-20070517/Overview.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser cannot find the default human language of the document.

Technical Comment

There are no lang or xml:lang attributes in the document.

IBM Home Page Reader 3.0 German version, set to "automatic language recognition" read the text in German. [@@double check] JAWS 7.1, German version, read the test file in German only when language was set to German.

This test case maps to technique H57: Using language attributes on the html element.

Secondary Rules

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - April 2006 Working Draft (Last Call))

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 8, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20060427/guidelines.html#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser cannot find the primary language of the document.

Technical Comment

There are no lang or xml:lang attributes in the document.

IBM Home Page Reader 3.0 German version, set to "automatic language recognition" read the text in German. JAWS 7.1, German version, read the test file in German only when language was set to German.

This test case maps to technique H57: Using the lang attribute of the html element (http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-TECHS-20060427/Overview.html#H57).

Online version: sc3.1.1_l1_004.

Secondary Rule (WCAG 2.0 - June 2005 Working Draft)

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 3, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

The test case fails the following success criterion at line 8, column 1: http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/WD-WCAG20-20050630/#meaning-doc-lang-id.

Functional Outcome

The browser cannot find the primary language of the document.

Technical Comment

There are no lang or xml:lang attributes in the document.